How Can Computers Measure Things?
Where is Computer Measurement Used?
Scientific experimentsMany experiments can be set-up and left to run with a data-logging system measuring things like the temperature of a liquid, etc.
Weather stationsOften these are placed in very remote areas to collect data about rainfall, temperature, wind-speed, wind-direction, etc. Data needs to be gathered all day, every day. This data can then be used by weather forecasters to help predict the weather over the coming days.
Environmental monitoringScientists are very concerned about the effect that humans are having on the environment. Computer-based data-logging is often used to help gather evidence of these effects: the level of water in a dam, the speed of water flowing down a river, the amount of pollution in the air, etc.
Why Use Computers to Measure Things?
- Computers do not need to take breaks - they can log data all day, every day, without stopping
- Computers take much more accurate readings than humans can
- Computers can take data readings more frequently (1000s of times a second if necessary)
- Since the logged data is already in a computer, the data can be analysed more quickly and easily (graphs drawn instantly, etc.)
- Data logging systems can operate in difficult environments (e.g. in the Arctic, or on top of a mountain)
- People are free to do other more useful tasks (rather than watching a thermometer)